IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


8th July, 2024 Security



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  • The tank will soon be subjected to extensive trials; a Cummins engine currently powers it and DRDO has taken up a project to develop a new engine domestically.
  • It was jointly developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) along with Larsen & Toubro (L&T) as the lead integrator. A Cummins engine currently powers the tank and DRDO has taken up a project to develop a new engine domestically.

About the Zorawar:

The Zorawar Light Tank is an ambitious project by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in collaboration with Larsen & Toubro (L&T) to develop a new generation light tank specifically designed for modern battlefield requirements. It was named after a military general, Zorawar Singh Kahluria, who had served under Jammu’s Raja Gulab Singh in the 19th Century.

  • Designed for High-altitude warfare in mountainous terrains like Ladakh and the Himalayas.
  • Named after Dogra General Zorawar Singh, a 19th-century military leader known for his campaigns in the region.
  • Current Stage: Prototype stage with ongoing testing and development.

Key Features:

  • Lightweight Design: Weighing around 25 tons (compared to 44 tons of the T-90 MBT), the Zorawar prioritizes maneuverability in challenging terrain.
  • High Power-to-Weight Ratio: Aims for a power-to-weight ratio of at least 30 hp/ton, ensuring good mobility and agility.
  • Advanced Firepower: Expected to be equipped with a 105mm or higher caliber main gun and potentially anti-tank guided missiles, providing firepower against armored vehicles.
  • Enhanced Protection: Modular explosive reactive armor (ERA) and an active protection system (APS) are proposed to offer protection against modern weaponry.
  • Improved Situational Awareness: Integration with drone technology and advanced communication systems is envisioned to enhance battlefield awareness for the crew.
  • AI Integration: The possibility of incorporating artificial intelligence for improved target acquisition and fire control is being explored.

Potential Benefits:

  • Effective in Mountain Warfare: Zorawar's design aims to address the specific challenges of fighting in high-altitude regions, where heavier tanks struggle.
  • Increased Mobility and Maneuverability: The lighter weight allows for faster movement and easier deployment in difficult terrain.
  • Enhanced Firepower: The proposed weaponry offers a good balance between firepower and weight, allowing for effective engagement of enemy targets.
  • Improved Survivability: Advanced protection measures aim to safeguard the crew from enemy attacks.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Technological Development: Successfully integrating advanced technologies like AI and APS requires ongoing research and development.
  • Balancing Weight and Performance: Achieving optimal firepower, protection, and mobility within the weight limitations of a light tank can be challenging.
  • Production and Cost-Effectiveness: Transitioning from prototype to large-scale production requires efficient processes to ensure affordability.


The Zorawar Light Tank project holds significant potential for enhancing India's defense capabilities, particularly in its mountainous border regions. The combination of maneuverability, firepower, and advanced technology can offer a tactical advantage in high-altitude warfare. As development progresses, overcoming challenges related to technology integration and production efficiency will be crucial for Zorawar's successful deployment in the Indian Army.

READ IN DETAIL ABOUT- https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/zorawar


https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/drdo-unveils-indigenous-light-tank zorawar/article68375255.ece


  1. Consider the following statements about the Zorawar Light Tank:
  2. It is a new generation light tank being developed by the DRDO for the Indian Army.
  3. It is named after a famous Rajput king from the Mughal era.
  4. It is specifically designed for deployment in desert terrains.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 2 only.

Correct answer:  (a)