IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


31st October, 2023 International Relations

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  • United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) has said that one of its members sustained injuries after shelling in Houla village near the Israeli-Lebanon border.



  • The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon is a UN peacekeeping mission established on 19 March 1978 by United Nations Security Council Resolutions 425 and 426.


  • To confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon which Israel had invaded five days prior, in order to ensure that the government of Lebanon would restore its effective authority in the area.


  • The 1978 South Lebanon conflict came in the context of Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon and the Lebanese Civil War.
  • UNIFIL's mandate is renewed annually by the United Nations Security Council; it was most recently extended on 1 September 2023 with the passing of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2695.


  • It is composed of 10,000 peacekeepers from 46 nations, tasked with helping the Lebanese Army keep the south of the country protected.


  • Its funding is approved on an annual basis by the General Assembly.


  • UNIFIL is tasked with the following objectives:
    • confirm the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon
    • restore international peace and security
    • assist the Government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area.