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Daily News Analysis

Russell viper

25th June, 2024 Environment

Russell viper

Source: BBC.COM

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  • Bangladesh faces a surge in snake bites, prompting health centres to stock anti-venom. Russell's viper bites are prevalent, particularly in rural areas. Swift treatment is essential to reduce fatalities.


Key Points

  • Bangladesh orders all health centres and hospitals to stock anti-venom to combat rising snake bite incidents.
  • The Russell's viper, once thought extinct in Bangladesh, has re-emerged and spread to over 25 districts.
  • Approximately 7,000 people die annually in Bangladesh from snake bites, emphasizing the need for rapid anti-venom treatment.
  • The World Health Organization identifies snake bites as a neglected tropical disease and prioritizes tackling them.

Features of the Viper:

  • Habitat Adaptation: Originally found in dry areas, the Russell's viper has adapted to diverse climates and expanded its range in Bangladesh.
  • Behaviour and Ecology: Russell's viper is often found near human settlements and farmland, especially during harvest season, due to its diet of rodents.
  • Venom Potency: The viper's venom is highly toxic, causing significant health risks, making prompt anti-venom treatment critical for survival.
  • Ecological Impact: The resurgence of Russell's viper in Bangladesh highlights the effects of environmental changes on wildlife distribution and public health.




Q. Consider the following statements about Russell's viper:

1.It is a highly venomous pit viper found throughout mainland India.

2.It is primarily active during the day and hunts for small mammals and amphibians.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (a)