IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


25th July, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • The Chief Justice of India (CJI) has stated that agenda-driven debates, especially in electronic media are hurting democracy in India.
  • CJI highlighted that unless the media self-regulates its content and stops crossing the limits, the judiciary could be forced to draw lines for them.
  • CJI has raised concern that Judges announce punishment and send criminals to jail, therefore judges require security after retirement but no such protection is available.
  • He also raised concern over rising incidents of media kangaroo courts, Ill-informed and agenda-driven debates that are hurting Indian democracy.
    • Biased views promoted by the media are affecting the people, weakening democracy, and harming the system.
  • CJI urged media, particularly electronic and social media, to behave responsibly.

Significance of Media

  • Media refers to all means of Communication, everything ranging from a Phone Call to the news on TV.
    • TV, radio and newspapers are a form of media. Since they reach millions of people across the world they are Called Mass Media.
  • A balanced report is essential in media which has to report independently.
  • Media plays a very important role in providing news and discussing events taking place in the Country and the world.
    • News Stories in the media inform people about important events in the Country.
  • Media by focusing on particular issues influences and Shapes our thoughts. It is said the media sets the agenda for People.
    • Opinions, attitudes, and Conduct of persons are dependent upon the information available to them.
    • Most of our knowledge of Contemporary events comes to us from newspapers, Radio, Television and movies.
    • Our emotions and attitudes are also formed or influenced to a large extent by the media.
  • The media tell us about the working of the Government and create awareness about the welfare programmes.


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  • The media is far from being independent. This is because of the Control of Government over the media Called Censoring and because big business houses Control the media.
  • Corporate Funding - A lot of money is spent on maintaining People and getting the latest technology. To meet this Cost, it needs money.
    • Media, therefore, uses advertising as a tool to raise revenue.
  • Manipulating News for TRPs is not only a financial scam but also morally and ethically wrong.
  • Some Channels are spreading a hate narrative which is a violation of the fundamental right of the citizen to know the truth through the media.
  • The media has become a source of disinformation, and this is also an ethical issue.
    • Both legal and ethical dimensions are equally serious


Way Forward

  • The democratic way of life depends upon the existence of free agencies of mass media.
  • The Media must act in a Responsible and Independence manner; they need to promote Sincerity, Truthfulness, Accuracy, and Impartiality in their work.
  • News reporting must be factual and objective.
  • Programs relating to Controversial public issues are needed to give fair representation to both sides of the issue.
  • Children’s programs are to be educative rather than merely entertaining.
  • Advertising of hard liquor, and fortune-telling, must be avoided.
  • Privacy is one of the fundamental freedoms of people and it is essential to liberty and human dignity.
  • A journalist must be held accountable for the consequences of the reporting.
  • Need to promote a Free and Responsible Press.
  • The technique of murder must be presented in a way that will not inspire imitation.
  • Brutal killings are not to be presented in detail.
  • The media should not report glorification of war, over-sentimentality, unnecessary brutality or killing, passionate love scenes, undue sympathy for immoral or criminal behaviour, or superficiality.
  • Government can facilitate the Reform Process. The government may pass a law that any violation will face legal action or criminal action, but the media needed a strong policy of Self­-regulation and at the same time independent regulation.