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- India has been removed from the Review of Significant Trade process for Red Sanders.
READ ALL ABOUT RED SANDERS:
- India has been under the Review of Significant Trade (RST) process for Red Sanders since 2004.
- The CITES RST process enables disciplinary action in the form of trade suspensions directed at countries that do not meet their obligations.
- The 77th meeting of the Standing Committee of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 6th to 10th November 2023.
- India has been a Party to the CITES since 1976.
- The Red Sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) is a high-market value tree, endemic to a few districts in Andhra Pradesh.
- The species is listed as Appendix II under CITES since 1994. The species has been subjected to threats of illegal harvesting and smuggling leading to their depletion from natural forest.
- However, red sander wood sourced from artificial propagation (plantations) comprises a major part of legal export.
- The Red Sanders species has been listed for the Review of Significant Trade (RST) process more or less since 2004.
- This is a process through which the CITES Standing Committee places increased scrutiny on the exports of a species from a country to determine if the Convention is being properly implemented.
- In the past, it has even led to a recommendation to suspend trade with India.
- The environment ministry said that India has been updating the CITES Secretariat on the status of exports of red sanders from India.
- India had also conducted Non-Detrimental Findings for the species and had finalized a zero quota for the export of Red sanders from the wild.
- "Continuous pursuance on the matter with the CITES Secretariat, Standing Committee and Plants Committee has led the Standing Committee in this (77th) meeting to decide on removing Red sanders from the RST process.
- The removal of Pterocarpus santalinus from the RST process from India was unconditional.
- This action will help the farmers growing Red Sanders to increase their income through the cultivation and export of Red Sanders from the plantations, the ministry highlighted.
CITES Review of Significant Trade Management System
- At CoP19, the CITES Secretariat launched the Review of Significant Trade (RST) Management System, developed by the United Nations International Computing Centre and funded by the European Union.
- The Review of Significant Trade Management System tracks the progress of country/species combinations selected for review, through the four stages of the Significant Trade Review.
- Species/country combinations currently subject to review are included, as well as those that have been eliminated from review, following satisfactory reports from the range State.
- This new Management System will be an essential online tool for the effective implementation of CITES and give full transparency of the process, which will help all stakeholders to keep track of ongoing cases. It will be particularly important for CITES Parties to engage throughout the RST process.
Q. Consider the following statements:
1. World Trade Organization launched the Review of Significant Trade (RST) Management System.
2. India has been removed from the Review of Significant Trade process for Red Sanders.
3. Red Sanders is listed as Appendix II under CITES since 1994.
How many of the above statements are correct?
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) All 3
Answer: B) Only 2