IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


27th April, 2023 Culture

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  • The Manamadurai pottery recently earned a Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

About Manamadurai

  • Manamadurai in Sivagangai district is known for pottery making.

Making of these pots

  • Clay comes from the Vaigai river.
  • Since the bottom has to be perfectly round, expertise is required.
  • The circumference of the pot and the neck should be proportionate so that the pot sits flat on the ground.
  • Mud, clay and heating should in the right proportion to ensure the strength of product.
  • The main raw materials are soil and water.
  • The sand is collected and dried for two days. The particles of the mud get separated by sieving.
  • The slurry is mixed with the sand and lead and graphite are added to the mixture to improve the quality. This mixture is now rich in calcium lime, ash, red lead, sodium silicate, manganese, iron, and plasticizing.
  • The pot is also painted in different colours.

Uniqueness of the pots

Type of clay

  • Sourced from water bodies like Nedunkulam, Nathapurakki, Sundaranadappu, Seikalathur

Elements of nature

  • While making these pots, the five elements of nature namely earth, water, fire, sun and air are used.

Some of the famous pottery traditions that have been practised across India

Jaipur Blue Pottery


Khurja Pottery

Uttar Pradesh

Khavda Pottery


Andretta Pottery

Himachal Pradesh

Bankura Pottery

West Bengal

Longpi Pottery


Bidriware Pottery


Molela Murtikala



Q) Which of the following statements with reference to regional pottery in India is/are correct?

a. Rajasthan is famous for Molela Murtikala and Andretta Pottery.

b. The Manamadurai pottery is known for its usage of five elements of nature.

  1. a only
  2. b only
  3. both a and b
  4. neither a nor b

Correct Answer: 2