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Mainland serow

28th June, 2024 Environment

Mainland serow

Source: The Hindu

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  • The mainland serow was recorded at an unprecedented low elevation of 96 meters in Raimona National Park, Assam, marking a significant milestone in its study and conservation.
  • The discovery highlights the park's role in preserving biodiversity and addressing habitat fragmentation and poaching


Key Points

  • The mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis thar) was recorded at 96 meters above sea level in Raimona National Park, Assam.
  • The species is typically found at altitudes between 200-3,000 meters, according to the IUCN.
  • The discovery was published in the Journal of Threatened Taxa by a team of scientists, including those from Aaranyak and Assam University.
  • Raimona National Park was declared a national park on June 8, 2021, covering an area of 422 sq. km.
  • The park has faced challenges such as poaching and habitat alteration, but efforts are underway to restore and conserve its wildlife.

About Raimona National Park:

  • Location and Size:
    • Situated in western Assam.
  • Establishment:
    • Declared a national park on June 8, 2021.
  • Biodiversity:
    • Home to various species, including the mainland serow, and part of conservation efforts for threatened species.
  • Conservation Challenges:
    • Faces issues like poaching for bushmeat and habitat degradation due to logging.
  • Recent Findings:
    • The mainland serow was recorded at the lowest elevation within the park, highlighting its ecological significance.

About Features of Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis thar):

  • Appearance:
    • Resembles a cross between a goat and an antelope.
  • Habitat Range:
    • Found from the Himalayan belt to southern China and Sumatra.
  • Elevation:
    • Typically inhabits altitudes between 200-3,000 meters.
  • Conservation Status:
    • Populations are fragmented, isolated, and declining due to poaching and habitat loss.
  • Significance:
    • The recent recording at a low elevation in Assam indicates its adaptability and the importance of habitat conservation.


The Hindu


Q. Consider the following statements regarding the mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis thar):

1.The mainland serow is typically found at altitudes between 200-3,000 meters.

2.It is distributed from the Himalayan belt to southern China and Sumatra.

3. The mainland serow populations are stable and increasing due to effective conservation efforts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2, and 3

Answer: a)