IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Madhubani Painting

23rd July, 2020 Prelims

Madhubani Painting:

  • Recently, masks decorated with madhubani painting became very famous.
  • Madhubani painting has its origins in Maithili village of Bihar, characterized by line drawings filled in by bright colours and contrasts or patterns.
  • Their various styles include Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Godna, and Kohbar, which would historically be painted only by women from the upper strata in the caste system, who would make them on mud walls on special occasions.
  • Use of tribal motifs and bright earthy colours.
  • Paints geometrical patterns, floral, animal and bird motifs.
  • Colours used in paintings comprise natural extracts from plants and other natural sources.
  • Heavenly bodies like the Sun and the Moon often form the centrepiece of paintings.
  • The themes & designs widely painted are of Hindu deities such as Krishna, Rama, Siva, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Sun and Moon, Tulasi plant, court scenes, wedding scenes, social happenings, etc. Floral, animal and bird motifs, geometrical designs are used to fill up all the gaps.