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Daily News Analysis

Iberian lynx

22nd June, 2024 Environment

Iberian lynx

Source: Down to Earth

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  • The Iberian Lynx's population has increased from 62 mature individuals in 2001 to over 2,000 in 2022 due to conservation efforts.
  • Continued threats include fluctuating prey populations, diseases, poaching, road kills, and habitat changes due to climate change.


Key Points

  • Conservation Status and Efforts:
    • IUCN status: From 'Endangered' to 'Vulnerable' as of June 20.
    • Population increased from 62 mature individuals in 2001 to over 2,000 including young lynx in 2022.
    • Key conservation efforts: Increasing prey (European rabbit) abundance, habitat restoration, reducing human-caused deaths, genetic diversity through translocations and breeding programs.
  • Habitat and Range:
    • Current habitat: Mediterranean scrub and forest in Spain and Portugal.
    • Expanded habitat: From 449 km² in 2005 to at least 3,320 km².
    • Future plans: Reintroduction to new sites in central and northern Spain.
  • Threats and Challenges:
    • Fluctuating European rabbit populations due to virus outbreaks.
    • Susceptibility to diseases from domestic cats, poaching, road kills, and climate change-induced habitat alterations.
  • Collaborative Conservation:
    • Success attributed to collaboration between public bodies, scientific institutions, NGOs, private companies, community members, and EU LIFE project support.


Down to Earth


Q. With reference to the conservation efforts for the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus), consider the following statements:

1.Translocations and an ex-situ breeding program have been key to increasing the lynx's population.

2.The species' habitat has expanded from 449 km² in 2005 to over 3,000 km².

3.Major threats include habitat loss due to deforestation and illegal hunting.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2, and 3

Answer: B)