IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Harimau Malaya

3rd July, 2024 Environment

Harimau Malaya

Source: The Hindu

Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended.


  • Malaysian government is implementing strategic actions to conserve the critically endangered Malayan tiger by addressing habitat loss and poaching, with efforts continuing till 2030.


Key Points

  • Current Status:
    • Less than 150 Malayan tigers are remained in the wild as of June 26.
    • As reported by the First National Tiger Survey (2016-2020).
  • Government Actions:
    • Nine strategic actions for conservation approved by the Malaysia’s federal cabinet in 2021.
    • The efforts to continue till 2030 to stop the decline in tiger numbers.
  • Historical Decline:
    • It was estimated around 3,000 tigers in Malaysia in the 1950s.
    • There has been a significant decline due to habitat loss and poaching.
    • British colonization of Singapore (1819) started biodiversity destruction.
  • Over 200 years, Singapore had lost 37% of wild flora and fauna, including the Malayan tiger.
  • Indigenous Knowledge:
    • Use of Orang Asli (oldest inhabitants of the Malay Peninsula) knowledge to prevent poaching.
  • Conservation Efforts:
    • Strategic actions aimed at reversing the decline.
    • Importance of integrating indigenous knowledge and addressing root causes of habitat loss and poaching.

Malayan Tiger Details:

  • Scientific name: Panthera tigris jacksoni.
  • Found in Peninsular Malaysia, symbol of Malaysia.
  • Historical range included Singapore.


Down to Earth


Q. Which of the following statements about the Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) are correct?

1. It is found only in Peninsular Malaysia.

2. The current estimated population is less than 150 individuals.

3.Conservation efforts for the Malayan tiger are scheduled to continue until 2035.


A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. 1, 2, and 3

Answer: B