IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


30th January, 2024 Culture


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Recently, the Union Government of India conferred Padma Shri award to Jammu’s Dogri folk dancer Romalo Ram.


Dogri Folk Dance

  • Performance Style:
    • Dogri folk dance is typically performed in the Duggar region of Jammu, showcasing the unique cultural identity of the Dogra community.
  • Group Dynamics:
    • The dance is often a collective effort, with a group of artists participating.
    • The main leader not only sings but also dances, while others provide beats using instruments like Drums and Chimta.
  • Occasions and Social Gatherings:
    • Dogri folk dance is a significant part of various functions, social gatherings, and celebrations.
    • It adds to the festive atmosphere, symbolizing joy and community spirit.
  • Variety in Performance:
    • There are different variations of Dogri dance. Some involve both men and women, while others may be exclusively performed by women.
    • Colorful traditional dresses add vibrancy to the performances.

Dogri Language

  • Geographical Distribution:
    • Dogri is primarily spoken in the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    • It has smaller groups of speakers in adjoining regions of western Himachal Pradesh, northern Punjab, and north-eastern Pakistani Punjab.
  • Official Recognition:
    • Dogri has been among India's 22 scheduled languages since 2003.
    • It is one of the five official languages of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Script and Writing System:
    • Historically, Dogri was written in the old Dogra Akkhar script, a modified version of Takri.
    • Maharaja Ranbir Singh of Jammu and Kashmir introduced a modified version called "Name Dogra Akkhar," which, although used in official documents, didn't gain popularity among the general population.
    • Currently, Devanagari is the officially recognized script for Dogri in India.
  • Cultural Significance:
    • Dogri has a rich literary tradition, including poetry, fiction, and dramatic works.
    • It plays a vital role in preserving the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Dogras.
  • Recognition and Recent History:
  • Literary Contributions:
    • Dogri has a history of translating significant works. For instance, a Dogri translation of the Sanskrit classic Lilavati was published in 1873.
  • Poets and Literary Periodicals:
    • Notable poets, like Kavi Dattu, have contributed to Dogri literature.
    • Literary periodicals like Shiraza Dogri by the Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture, and Languages continue to promote modern Dogri literary works.
  • Official Status:
    • Dogri received recognition as an "independent modern literary language" by the General Council of the Sahitya Academy, Delhi, in 1969.
    • It is one of the national languages of India since its recognition in the Indian constitution in 2003.
  • Media Presence:
    • Dogri programming is featured on Radio Kashmir and Doordarshan, contributing to its visibility and promotion.


Q. Which of the following dance forms is characterized by dancers balancing a series of earthen pots on their heads?

A) Kuchipudi

B) Bhavai

C) Mohiniyattam

D) Potraj

Answer: B