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Didymocarpus janakiae

26th June, 2024 Environment

Didymocarpus janakiae

Source: East Mojo

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  • Didymocarpus janakiae, a new plant species, was discovered in Arunachal Pradesh. Named after EK Janaki Ammal, this critically endangered species highlights the importance of conservation and recognition of pioneering Indian scientists.


Key Points

  • Didymocarpus janakiae is a new plant species discovered in Arunachal Pradesh, specifically in the sub-tropical forests of the West Kameng district.
  • It is named in honour of EK Janaki Ammal, a pioneering Indian botanist and the first Indian woman to earn a doctorate in botany in the United States.
  • This species has a very limited population, with fewer than 20 individuals found, making it critically endangered (IUCN status).
  • The plant's habitat is under threat from rapid development, such as road construction, highlighting the urgent need for conservation.
  • Janaki Ammal's significant contributions to botany include chromosome studies and plant genetics, inspiring future generations of scientists.

Didymocarpus janakiae Features:

  • Genus:
    • Didymocarpus, part of the Gesneriaceae family.
  • Habitat:
    • Sub-tropical forests, moss-covered rocks.
  • Location:
    • West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN - Critically endangered with fewer than 20 individuals
  • Threats:
    • Habitat degradation due to development activities.

Contribution of Dr. Janaki Ammal:

  • Pioneering Botanist:
    • First Indian woman to earn a doctorate in botany in the USA.
  • Work in India:
    • Joined Maharaja's College of Science, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, co-authored "The Chromosome Atlas of Cultivated Plants."
  • Recognition:
    • Two plant species named in her honour.
  • Inspiration:
    • Role model for women in STEM and significant contributions to genetic research and plant biology.


East Mojo


Q. Consider the following statements regarding Didymocarpus janakiae:

1.It is a new plant species discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.

2.Didymocarpus janakiae belongs to the family Gesneriaceae.

3.The species has been classified as Critically Endangered due to its limited known population and habitat degradation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2, and 3

Answer: d)