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Daily News Analysis


26th June, 2024 Geography


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Picture Courtesy: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-global/dagestan-restive-russia-9412426/

Context: Dagestan remains restive due to its complex socio-political and religious history, highlighted by recent coordinated attacks in Derbent.


  • Dagestan, a republic in Russia's North Caucasus, has a long history of conflict and unrest, shaped by its complex socio-political and religious landscape. The recent attack on a synagogue and a church in Derbent on June 23, 2024, which resulted in the deaths of at least 15 policemen and several civilians, highlights the ongoing instability in the region.

About Dagestan

  • Dagestan is located at the southern tip of Russia, bordered by the Caspian Sea to the east, Azerbaijan to the south, Georgia to the west, and Chechnya to the northwest.
  • According to a 2012 census, Dagestan has a population of approximately 2.2 million people, with a majority (83%) practising Islam.
  • Dagestan is linguistically diverse, with 14 official languages. Russian serves as the primary language.
  • The region has a complex history, influenced by Persian, Mongol, and Russian rule over the centuries. It was formally integrated into Russia during the 19th century.
  • Dagestan is rich in natural resources like oil, natural gas, and minerals. However, it faces economic challenges, including high unemployment rates.
  • The cultural landscape is characterised by a blend of traditions from various ethnic groups, including Avars, Dargins, Kumyks, Lezgins, and others. This diversity is reflected in its music, dance, and cuisine.
  • Dagestan has a unique political structure, with a parliamentary system led by the People's Assembly. It is represented by various ethnic groups in its government.



Indian Express



Q. The Dagestan region is frequently seen in the news it is located in:

A) Turkey

B) Russia

C) Iran

D) Afghanistan

Answer: B