IAS Gyan

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Chief of the Army staff

2nd July, 2024 Defence

Chief of the Army staff

Source: Thehindu

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  • General Upendra Dwivedi took over as the 30th Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) of the 1.3 million Indian Army on June 30 from General Manoj Pande, who superannuated after more than four decades of service.
  • He takes over as the COAS at a time when the global geo-strategic environment remains dynamic with multiple challenges


The Chief of Army Staff in India


  • The professional head of this brave contingent of soldiers is ranked as the Chief of Army Staff (CoAS), a four-star general.
  • This position holds significant responsibilities and a pivotal role in national security and military strategy.

Historical Background


The Indian Army traces its origins to the East India Company, which later became the British Indian Army. Post-independence, the Indian Army integrated the armies of the princely states, forming the national army we know today.

Evolution of the Position

  • Initial Rank: At the time of India's independence, the head of the Indian Army was ranked as the "Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army."
  • Change in Designation (1948): On March 1, 1948, the rank was changed to "Chief of the Army Staff and Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army."
  • Legislative Change (1955): The Commanders-in-Chief (Change in Designation) Act, 1955, officially renamed the position to "Chief of Army Staff." This statutory position was constituted through the Indian Parliament’s Act of 1955.

Role and Responsibilities

Chief of Army Staff (CoAS)

  • Highest Ranking Officer: The Chief of Army Staff is the head of the Indian Army and holds the highest-ranking position within the Army.
  • Principal Advisor: The CoAS serves as the principal advisor to the Ministry of Defence on matters related to the army.
  • Military Advisor: The CoAS is the key military advisor to the President of India and the Prime Minister, providing crucial inputs for national defence strategies.


  • Leadership: The CoAS leads the Indian Army, overseeing its various ground operations and ensuring the preparedness and effectiveness of the troops.
  • Operational Oversight: Responsible for the planning and execution of military operations, the CoAS ensures that the Indian Army meets its strategic objectives.
  • Advisor to the Government: The CoAS advises the Ministry of Defence, the Prime Minister, and the President on military matters, contributing to national security policies and strategies.

Sources: Thehindu


Q.  Consider the following statements:

1.The Commanders-in-Chief (Change in Designation) Act, 1955, officially renamed the position of the head of the Indian Army to Chief of Army Staff.

2.The Chief of Army Staff is a Five-star general.

Which of the above statements are Correct?

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both of them

d) None

Answer : A