IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


20th November, 2023 Science and Technology


Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended.


  • The Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules and the Embraer C-390 Millennium are both modern military transport aircraft designed for various operational roles.


Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules


  • Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin
  • Description: An updated version of the C-130 Hercules, renowned for its adaptability and versatility.
  • Role: Tactical airlift, airdropping troops and equipment, various specialized missions.
  • Key Features: New engines, flight deck, advanced systems for enhanced performance.

Specifications and Features:

  • Crew: 3 (two pilots, one loadmaster minimum)
  • Payload: 42,000 lb (19,051 kg)
  • Max Take-off Weight: 155,000 lb (70,307 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls Royce 2100 AE engines
  • Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty R391 composite constant-speed fully-feathering reversible-pitch propellers
  • Cruise Speed: 644 km/h
  • Range: 3,300 km at max normal payload
  • Service Ceiling: 28,000 ft with 42,000 lb
  • Deliveries: As of March 2022, 500 C-130J aircraft were delivered to 26 operators in 22 countries.

Noteworthy Aspects:

  • Proven performance of more than 2 million flight hours supporting various missions globally.
  • Adaptability to different cargo types and configurations for diverse missions.
  • Modern flight station with LCD screens, holographic head-up displays for pilots.

Embraer C-390 Millennium


  • Manufacturer: Embraer
  • Description: Medium-size, twin-engine, jet-powered military transport aircraft designed for versatile missions.
  • Role: Troop transport, cargo transportation, aerial refueling, search and rescue, medical evacuation, among others.
  • Key Features: Fly-by-wire technology, quick reconfiguration for different missions.

Specifications and Features:

  • Crew: Three flight crew (2 pilots, 1 loadmaster)
  • Max Take-off Weight: 86,999 kg
  • Powerplant: 2 × IAE V2500-E5 turbofan engines
  • Cruise Speed: 870 km/h
  • Range: 5,820 km
  • Service Ceiling: 36,000 ft
  • Armament: Equipped with self-protection suite including radar warning, missile approach warning, laser warning, and countermeasures against threats.

Distinctive Aspects:

  • Collins Aerospace’s Pro Line Fusion avionics system for enhanced situational awareness.
  • Self-protection suite with various countermeasure systems against threats.
  • Ability to reconfigure for different missions in less than three hours.
  • Equipped for air refueling and mid-air refueling of other aircraft.

Indian Context

  • Both aircraft have garnered attention in India, where the C-130J has showcased exceptional performance in mountainous areas similar to those in India.
  • Embraer has collaborated with DRDO to produce the 'Netra' AEW&C on its ERJ145 platform, which is operated by the Indian Air Force.


These aircraft represent significant advancements in military transport technology, offering modern avionics, adaptability for various missions, and enhanced performance capabilities tailored to meet the demands of modern military operations.


Q. The Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules primarily excels in which of the following areas?

A) Aerial refueling

B) Tactical airlift and airdropping

C) Long-range bombing

D) Submarine warfare

Answer: B)