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Bioluminescent mushroom

19th June, 2024 Environment

Bioluminescent mushroom

Source: Indian Express

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  • Researchers discovered Filoboletus manipularis, a rare bioluminescent mushroom, during a micro-fungal survey in the Ranipuram forest, Kasaragod.
  • These mushrooms contribute significantly to our understanding of fungal biodiversity and exhibit unique bioluminescent properties.


Key Points

  • Filoboletus manipularis is a bioluminescent mushroom species found in Kasaragod, Kerala.
  • These mushrooms emit a green light due to a biochemical reaction involving luciferin and luciferase.
  • The discovery highlights the rich fungal biodiversity of the Ranipuram forest and opens new research avenues.
  • Bioluminescent mushrooms like Filoboletus manipularis are deemed unsafe for consumption due to potential toxins.
  • The Ranipuram forest provides an ideal habitat for these mushrooms, with its tropical, humid environment and abundant decaying organic matter.
  • The study was a joint effort by the Kerala Forest and Wildlife Department and the Mushrooms of India Community.

About Filoboletus manipularis

  • Filoboletus manipularis emits a bright green glow at night through a chemical reaction involving luciferin and luciferase.
  • These mushrooms thrive in tropical, humid environments with plenty of decaying organic matter.
  • They are not fit for consumption due to potential toxins that could cause severe health issues.

About Ranipuram Forest

  • Located in Kasaragod, Kerala, the Ranipuram forest is known for its rich biodiversity.
  • The forest provides a tropical, humid environment ideal for various fungi, including bioluminescent mushrooms.
  • It is a key area for ecological studies and biodiversity conservation efforts.


Indian Express


Q. Regarding the bioluminescent mushroom Filoboletus manipularis, consider the following statements:

1.Filoboletus manipularis emits light due to a chemical reaction involving luciferin and luciferase.

2.These mushrooms are commonly found in arid, desert environments.

3.Filoboletus manipularis is completely safe for human consumption.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2, and 3

Answer: a)