IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


26th June, 2023 Geography

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  • The announcement was made by the World Health Organization (WHO) regarding Belize's achievement in successfully reducing and eliminating malaria cases.


  • The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that Belize, a Central American nation, has achieved a significant reduction in malaria cases.
  • From 10,000 cases in 1994, Belize successfully reached zero indigenous cases of malaria in 2019.

Inspiration for the Americas

  • The WHO commended Belize's achievement, considering it a source of inspiration for other countries in the Americas where malaria remains endemic.
  • The successful elimination of malaria in Belize demonstrates the possibility of combating the disease effectively.

Malaria and its Severity

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease transmitted to humans through certain mosquito species.
  • The WHO emphasized the lethal nature of malaria, highlighting the significance of Belize's accomplishment in eliminating the disease.

Prioritizing Public Health

  • Belize's public health agenda placed a strong emphasis on the fight against malaria.
  • The country's proactive approach and sustained efforts contributed to its success in combating the disease.

Effective Strategies

  • The WHO praised Belize for its implementation of key strategies in malaria prevention and control.
  • Distribution of insecticide-treated mosquito nets and promoting indoor insecticide spraying were highlighted as effective measures.

Role of Community Health Workers

  • Trained community health workers played a vital role in Belize's success.
  • Their contributions in timely diagnosis and treatment of malaria were recognized by the WHO.

Certification Process

  • The WHO certifies a nation as malaria-free when it demonstrates, through rigorous and credible evidence, the absence of malaria transmission within the country for at least three consecutive years.

Global Recognition

  • Belize is the third country to receive malaria-free certification in 2023, following Azerbaijan and Tajikistan.
  • The international recognition further underscores Belize's achievement in eliminating malaria.

About Belize

  • Belize is a Central American country located on the northeastern coast of Central America.
  • It shares borders with Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south.

Geography and Environment

  • Belize is known for its diverse ecosystems, including coastal plains, tropical rainforests, and the Belize Barrier Reef, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The country boasts abundant biodiversity, with unique flora and fauna, including jaguars, toucans, and vibrant coral reefs.

Cultural Diversity

  • Belize is a melting pot of cultures, with influences from Mayan, Garifuna, Creole, Mestizo, and other ethnic groups.
  • The country celebrates its cultural diversity through various festivals, music, dance, and cuisine.

Language and Official Language

  • English is the official language of Belize, reflecting its colonial history as a former British colony.
  • Additionally, Spanish, Kriol, Maya languages, and Garifuna are widely spoken.

Tourism and Natural Attractions

  • Belize is renowned for its ecotourism and adventure tourism offerings.
  • Visitors can explore ancient Mayan ruins, go diving or snorkeling in the Belize Barrier Reef, or enjoy activities like cave tubing and zip-lining in the lush rainforests.

Protected Areas and Conservation

  • Belize takes pride in its commitment to environmental preservation.
  • It has established numerous protected areas, national parks, and marine reserves to safeguard its natural treasures and promote sustainable tourism.

Economy and Industries

  • Belize's economy relies on several sectors, including agriculture (sugar, citrus, banana), tourism, offshore financial services, and petroleum.
  • The country has been making efforts to diversify its economy and attract foreign investment.

Challenges and Development

  • Like many developing countries, Belize faces challenges such as poverty, limited infrastructure, and vulnerability to natural disasters.
  • The government is working towards sustainable development, poverty alleviation, and improving education and healthcare services.

Political System

  • Belize operates as a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth, with a constitutional monarchy.
  • The country is a member of international organizations like the United Nations, CARICOM, and the Organization of American States.

International Recognition and Cooperation

  • Belize maintains diplomatic relations with various countries and actively participates in regional and international forums.
  • It collaborates with neighboring countries and organizations to address shared challenges and promote regional integration.
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Q) Which of the following statements about Belize is true?

A) Belize is located in South America.

B) Belize shares borders with Mexico and Guatemala.

C) The official language of Belize is Spanish.

D) Belize is primarily known for its vast desert landscapes.

Answer: B